43) The main remedies available to them are requesting for an ex gratia payment, filing a tortious claim against liable parties, or lobbying for a specialized bill.
As "out of grace" payments, the state may award ex gratia compensation without explanation or obligation and its decisions are final and not reviewable.
Considering that few exonerees filed civil lawsuits (72) or had the privilege of having a specialized bill lodged in Parliament on their behalf, the following analysis focuses on the outcomes of ex gratia applications as the chief form of compensation for wrongful conviction in Australia.
83) The investigation specifically sought any evidence that an exoneree filed a lawsuit or lodged a specialized bill for compensation with particular focus on exonerees who filed ex gratia claims.
84) Of those thirty-three cases, twenty-seven exonerees applied for ex gratia (seventeen awards; eight rejections; two pending), whereas seven sought civil litigation exclusively (three successful, four failed).
87) Ex gratia awards ranged from AUD 100,000 to AUD 3.
89) Each received ex gratia payments of AUD 100,000 for their wrongful conviction and incarceration, (90) approximately AUD 14,300 per year imprisoned without reimbursement for legal expenses incurred through the trial, appeals, and exoneration processes.
In contrast, Lindy Chamberlain in the Northern Territory ("NT"), convicted for the murder of her child, served four years in prison and received an ex gratia payment of AUD 900,000, AUD 225,000 for each year incarcerated, with an additional payment of AUD 415,000 for legal costs incurred during her trial, appeals, and reentry into the community.