ergonomics


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ergonomics

or

human engineering

the study of the interface between people and technology with the objective of achieving a better ‘fit’ between the two. The twin objectives of ergonomics are the interrelated ones of improvements in efficiency and the provision of better working conditions. For instance, an ergonomist would be concerned to ensure that a typist's chair is of the right height to avoid back and arm strains. As well as minimizing employee dissatisfaction this would prevent productivity from being impaired by physical injury. In more complex technological environments the ergonomist is also concerned with the distribution of functions between human operators and the technology itself.

Ergonomics grew out of SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT, one strand of which was concerned with the development of technology that could be matched to the task in hand and to the human physique, and human factor psychology (see OCCUPATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY), which was concerned with the impact of environmental factors on work performance.

References in periodicals archive ?
OSHA began an ergonomics rule-making process in 1992 and started drafting an ergonomics standard in 1995 that eventually culminated in the issuance of an Ergonomics Program Standard on Nov.
Modern: We have often heard that there is more of an emphasis on ergonomics in Europe than in the United States.
Human factors and ergonomics were once confined to physical and cognitive dimensions.
Silva, a Certified Professional Ergonomist (CPE) of more than 15 years, is known for integrating ergonomics into dominant business practices such as Six Sigma and Lean Manufacturing, which embrace “value stream” concepts.
Grant (2008) found a general lack of awareness of guidelines on ergonomics and computer use and cautioned on the resulting potential problems for students.
So it was that in 1994 Hal Hendrick was the key speaker at the fifth conference of the society, and at our special meeting he announced that ESSA, renamed the Ergonomics Society of South Africa, had been accepted as a Federated Society of the IEA.
Key words: ergonomics program, ergonomics analysis, process management, research
Ergonomics has long been considered essential in the workplace for avoiding visual and musculoskeletal injury and discomfort, and Odell sees K-12 coming on board.
The ergonomics committee should look at the postures people assume at work, the tasks they perform, the office lighting and temperature, and the furniture and workstation arrangements.
Data download and mold set-up speeds are said to have been substantially improved, as well, via proprietary software and enhanced ergonomics.
Ergonomics is the use of science to produce human- friendly designs.
According to Mike Wynn, certified professional ergonomist and vice president of Humantech, "The Applied Lean Ergonomics course adds a unique set of tools to the lean tool kit for organizations to accelerate their lean journey.