ER

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Related to endoplasmic reticulum: Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

ER

The two-character ISO 3166 country code for ERITREA.

ER

1. ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for the State of Eritrea. This is the code used in international transactions to and from Eritrean bank accounts.

2. ISO 3166-2 geocode for Eritrea. This is used as an international standard for shipping to Eritrea. Each Eritrean province has its own code with the prefix "ER." For example, the code for the Province of Debub is ISO 3166-2:ER-DU.

Qualifying Widow(er)

The filing status available to a qualified taxpayer for two tax years following the year of the spouse's death. To qualify, the surviving spouse must have been entitled to file a joint return for the year of death, remain unmarried at the end of the current tax year, and pay over half the cost of maintaining his or her home, which was the principal residence the entire tax year of his or her dependent child (other than a foster child).
References in periodicals archive ?
These cells increase their size becoming columnar and present clusters of round mitochondria and abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum (Fig.
Well-developed endoplasmic reticulum and annulus lamella were present around the mitochondria and the multivesicular body that was formed by the modified mitochondria and appeared in the cytoplasm (Fig.
Electron microscopic evaluations have revealed appendages within the intercellular area, irregular structure in the microvilli, mitochondrial damages, and dilatation in the cysternae of endoplasmic reticulum.
Pharmacological targeting of endoplasmic reticulum stress signaling in cancer.
Calvert, "Hydrogen sulfide attenuates high fat diet-induced cardiac dysfunction via the suppression of endoplasmic reticulum stress," Nitric Oxide, vol.
25) Accumulated cholesterol in the endoplasmic reticulum caused ER stress in macrophages and is a key factor in atherosclerosis.
Previous studies in the investigators' laboratory showed that CYP2D6, a protein that is predominantly localized to cells' endoplasmic reticulum, was also targeted to their mitochondria.
PLC drives the production of inositol triphosphate (1P3), a soluble messenger that crosses from the membrane to the endoplasmic reticulum where it binds to 1P3 gated calcium channels, opening them and allowing the calcium sequestered in the endoplasmic reticulum to flood into the cytoplasm and propagate the effects of the photon strike (Hardie, 2001).
Introduction of N-linked glycans takes place in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of the cells in a co-translational manner.
1C) or late stages are found in small groups, they have a spherical nucleus with a single nucleolus, and a discrete amount of cytoplasm with ribosomes, mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum.
In the cytoplasm, it was possible to observe a great number of endoplasmic reticulum with spiral and linear organization and mitochondria (Fig.

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