elasticity of supply
Elasticity of supply
The degree of producers' responsiveness to price changes. Elasticity is measured as the percent change in quantity divided by the percent change in price. A large value (greater than 1) of elasticity indicates sensitivity of supply to price, e.g., luxury goods, where a rise in price causes an increase in supply. Goods with a small value of elasticity (less than 1) have a supply that is insensitive to price, e.g., food, where a rise in price has little or no effect on the amount that producers supply.
Elasticity of Supply
The relative stability of a security's or product's supply in the face of increased or decreased price. Typically, an increased price results in greater supply because fewer people are buying the product; these products are considered inelastic. For example, Rolex watches are considered inelastic because a higher price results in fewer people purchasing the watches, which, in turn, results in an increased supply. On the other hand, staple products like food and clothing are considered elastic because an increased price does not necessarily lead to more supply. This is because people continue to buy food and (some) clothing. See also: Elasticity of demand.