A dividend given to a convertible preferred stock holder when he/she exercises the conversion option and exchanges the preferred shares for common shares. A dividend adjustment is designed to compensate a preferred stockholder for any dividends he/she otherwise would have received as a common stockholder. It is a fairly unusual practice.
The extra proceeds sent to an investor submitting convertible preferred stock for conversion in order to compensate for dividends accrued but not received since the last date of record for a dividend payment. The dividend adjustment is an unusual practice designed to compensate holders of convertible preferred stock for dividends lost between the time of the last dividend and the time of conversion. Also called adjustment.