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A company's release of all information pertaining to the company's business activity, regardless of how that information may influence investors.


The voluntary or required release of information relevant to a security, company, fund, or anything else. In order to be listed on an exchange, a company must provide disclosure on itself by registering with the SEC and abiding by regulations that govern what information about itself that the company releases. Disclosure exists to prevent price manipulation and anything else that would disrupt the efficiency of trade. See also: Transparency.


The submission of facts and details concerning a situation or business operation. In general, security exchanges and the SEC require firms to disclose to the investment community the facts concerning issues that will affect the firms' stock prices. Disclosure is also required when firms file for public offerings. See also full disclosure.


A disclosure document explains how a financial product or offering works. It also details the terms to which you must agree in order to buy it or use it, and, in some cases, the risks you assume in making such a purchase.

For example, publicly traded companies must provide all available information that might influence your decision to invest in the stocks or bonds they issue. Mutual fund companies are required to disclose the risks and costs associated with buying shares in the fund.

Government regulatory agencies, such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), self-regulating organizations, state securities regulators, and NASD require such disclosures.

Similarly, federal and local governments require lenders to explain the costs of credit, and banks to explain the costs of opening and maintaining an account.

Despite the consumer benefits, disclosure information isn't always easily accessible. It may be expressed in confusing language, printed in tiny type, or so extensive that consumers choose to ignore it.

References in periodicals archive ?
The DFSA relies on Firms and Individuals to disclose appropriately any mandatory information and any other information of which the DFSA would reasonably be expected to be notified.
In light of this interpretation an adviser's failure to disclose material facts, including material conflicts of interest with its clients, could constitute a violation.
Women in the study were more inclined than men to disclose their errors to patients.
Within these criteria, the Commissioner ought to be inclined to exercise this authority favorably in the case of corporations or other business entities that can demonstrate a good faith effort to implement effective internal procedures for detecting and reporting RTs, and that the failure to disclose the item in question was in no way deliberate.
Owens did not disclose his corporate affiliation in this article, despite having disclosed his P&G employment in a previous EHP article (Owens and Koeter 2003).
If counselors break their promise of confidentiality or disclose information without clients' consent, clients may feel betrayed.
Identity Web sites should clearly disclose the physical location of where they are produced, including an address, a telephone number or e-mail address.
Healthcare providers, plans and clearinghouses (repricing and billing companies) may not use or disclose individually identifiable health information in oral, written or electronic form without prior written authorization from the individual named.
If you disclose to only a select few, someone might slip up and leak information unintentionally.
Under the NAIC regulation, for example, a "licensee" (an insurer, producer or another party who is or should be licensed pursuant to state insurance laws) may disclose non-public personal financial information to nonaffiliated third parties, only if the consumer does not opt out.
In such cases, the government may seek to assert a legal privilege to not disclose the sensitive investigative technique.
There is a remarkable consensus among people both inside and outside of government that lobbyists should be required to disclose precisely what they are lobbying for, the source and amount of their lobbying fees, and the names of the government officials they contact, either directly or indirectly.