According to Vibert, the real work of running democracies
is carried out by the unelected: today's rise of the unelected leads to a straightforward loss to democracy.
My aim in this paper is to develop a research agenda for examining the building blocks for the foundation of Athenian democracy, the institutional configuration of representative democracy, the separation of powers' model of the democratic constitutional state, the rise of nation-state democracies
, the values of social equality and political democracy, the development of post-national democracy in Europe, distinguishing characteristics of modern democratic politics, citizen participation as a touchstone of a democratic system, and the value of political deliberation.
And if they do not, then responsible democracies
everywhere must hold them accountable.
The Community of Democracies
launched in Warsaw in 2000 has far more relaxed admission criteria, which is why its membership has included such countries as Afghanistan, Bahrain, and Jordan.
Yet underlying this idea is a serious proposition, to which Britain's former prime minister, Tony Blair, often gave eloquent expression: Democracies
don't fight each other, so if the whole world were democratic, wars would stop.
Thus, on the one hand it seems a wide enough term to cover all sorts of political systems where the socio-economical and political environment is very different from that in post WWII Germany or Japan and certainly contemporary liberal industrial established democracies
Although democracy is rare in the Arab Middle East, some Muslim countries have functioning democracies
Fearing for their survival, democracies
as we often find them institute undemocratic measures to guarantee their stability.
Even societies that have already made great advances in these very dimensions, for example most of today's western democracies
, are more likely to make still further progress when their living standards rise.
Aim to develop a mature, multi-faceted relationship between two major democracies
The system's success saw it spread widely, and soon there were hundreds of Greek democracies
They also showed the need to support new democracies
by promoting fair and just dialogue between communities.