decentralization


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decentralization

the relocation of managerial AUTHORITY and RESPONSIBILITY to a lower level in the ORGANIZATION. A restructuring of a FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE to a PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE will generally involve some degree of decentralization, especially regarding operational (but not strategic) matters. DELAYERING often involves decentralization from middle management to LINE MANAGERS. See CENTRALIZATION, ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.

decentralization

the diffusion of economic decision-making to many different decision-makers rather than concentrating such decision-making centrally. In an economy this is achieved by the adoption of the PRICE SYSTEM, which devolves decisions to individual consumers and suppliers. In a firm, decentralization involves delegating authority to make decisions ‘down the line’ to particular divisions and departments. See PRIVATE ENTERPRISE ECONOMY, MFORM ORGANIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Throughout 4 years of decentralization process in the country, it has always had the constant support in the Parliament.
The aim of this paper is to address this important research gap by providing preliminary insight into how ethnic heterogeneity may influence citizens' perception towards decentralization using a survey experiment applied in the two largest Romanian cities which differ in terms of ethnic heterogeneity.
They find that the benefits of decentralization were greater in industries with greater product churn.
Low decision space means no decentralization in Fiji: Comment on "Decentralisation of health services in Fiji: a decision space analysis.
While the essence of the word decentralization remains the same; decentralization as a process has been interpreted and implemented in various forms and to various degrees around the world.
Decentralization and Development: Policy Implementations in Developing Countries.
Key to the argument of Hicks and White is the closing sentence of the first chapter: "Overall, decentralization has proved at least as successful (or unsuccessful, depending on one's degree of pessimism) as the GN as whole and that lack of competence, vision, and leadership among Nunavut's political and bureaucratic elite has far more to do with the GN's problems than does decentralization" (23).
Southeast Asian countries were caught up in the decentralization "wave" to differing degrees.
Conducting a comprehensive search, we identify 31 published and unpublished studies on the effect of fiscal decentralization on economic growth.
Dito po ako magoopisina sa Mindanao sapagkat babantayan ko ang mga local governments will experience the true meaning of decentralization and devolution.
Among the many academic works seeking to explain how the now 15 year process has unfolded, Max Lane's new book Decentralization & Its Discontents.
The survey, which was largely closed ended, focused on five key areas: the respondents' understanding of decentralization, elections, the prerogatives and financing of the qada councils, and the financial transfer system.