de facto

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Related to de facto segregation: de jure, de jure segregation

De facto

Existing in actual fact although not by official recognition.

De Facto

Existing in fact, but not by legal standard. In business, one occasionally makes reference to "de facto" monopolies in situations where alternatives to a certain brand may exist, but the brand has such a large market share that the alternatives may as well not exist. Likewise, some analysts of the 2008 recession have discussed the "de facto" nationalization of the banking industry, in which some governments, notably the British, bought some banks outright and implicitly guaranteed the existence of all other banks.

de facto

In fact, in actuality, as things are really done. The phrase is used to express a state of affairs or condition that might not be technically legal, but which has the same effect as the legal condition. Here are two examples:
• When an apartment complex allowed the power to be disconnected for nonpayment and failed to secure a reconnection, it amounted to a de facto eviction of all the tenants (also called a constructive eviction).
• The IRS has ruled that a long-term lease of property with the right to purchase for $1 at the
     end of the term is not a true lease, but a de facto installment sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
Grutter holds that this autonomy includes the power to use racial means to integrate the institutions of civil society-- whether to remedy the de facto segregation that would otherwise occur (as an effect of past de jure segregation or private discrimination) or as a means to promote equal opportunity and democratic ideals.
61) De facto segregation, segregation that could be attributed to other more remote factors or private action, was not within the purview of the equal protection clause.
The most interesting aspect of Keyes is the Court's implicit if not explicit resolution of the de jure v de facto segregation issue.
Eventually, when demonstrations against de facto segregation in the early '60s became too big to ignore, CNB began to cover this news.
Witness the patterns of racial segregation in housing, the de facto segregation in many of our parishes, and in our own net work of friends and associates.
The ravages of racial division in the United States, the de facto segregation of populations who are more or less yoked together by the demography and demagoguery of "democracy," turns Black and White into stark alternatives.
And the South is slowly, by fits and starts, getting better; there is still de facto segregation, of course, but it's even worse outside the old Confederacy.
Opponents of the ruling are threatening to amend the state constitution - de facto segregation, they claim, is not unconstitutional.
Observing that many of the most common cities favored by immigrants in various countries are usually diverse, linked globally through transnational networks, and increasingly subject to de facto segregation, Migrants to the Metropolis offers a thought-provoking modern commentary upon demographic shifts in today's increasingly globalized world.
Racial imbalances that occur as a result of the private decisions of citizens, such as housing patterns and population shifts, de facto segregation, were not the subject of Brown, nor could they be.
While agreeing that the Seattle and Louisville programs failed to pass constitutional muster, he faulted his colleagues for being overly dismissive of the value of racial diversity and insufficiently concerned about avoiding a return to the de facto segregation of the past.
In their attempts to combat de facto segregation and to create and maintain racially diverse learning environments, the school districts in Parents Involved in Community Schools v.