Grutter holds that this autonomy includes the power to use racial means to integrate the institutions of civil society-- whether to remedy the de facto segregation
that would otherwise occur (as an effect of past de jure segregation or private discrimination) or as a means to promote equal opportunity and democratic ideals.
61) De facto segregation
, segregation that could be attributed to other more remote factors or private action, was not within the purview of the equal protection clause.
The most interesting aspect of Keyes is the Court's implicit if not explicit resolution of the de jure v de facto segregation
Eventually, when demonstrations against de facto segregation
in the early '60s became too big to ignore, CNB began to cover this news.
Witness the patterns of racial segregation in housing, the de facto segregation
in many of our parishes, and in our own net work of friends and associates.
The ravages of racial division in the United States, the de facto segregation
of populations who are more or less yoked together by the demography and demagoguery of "democracy," turns Black and White into stark alternatives.
And the South is slowly, by fits and starts, getting better; there is still de facto segregation
, of course, but it's even worse outside the old Confederacy.
Opponents of the ruling are threatening to amend the state constitution - de facto segregation
, they claim, is not unconstitutional.
Observing that many of the most common cities favored by immigrants in various countries are usually diverse, linked globally through transnational networks, and increasingly subject to de facto segregation
, Migrants to the Metropolis offers a thought-provoking modern commentary upon demographic shifts in today's increasingly globalized world.
Racial imbalances that occur as a result of the private decisions of citizens, such as housing patterns and population shifts, de facto segregation
, were not the subject of Brown, nor could they be.
While agreeing that the Seattle and Louisville programs failed to pass constitutional muster, he faulted his colleagues for being overly dismissive of the value of racial diversity and insufficiently concerned about avoiding a return to the de facto segregation
of the past.
In their attempts to combat de facto segregation
and to create and maintain racially diverse learning environments, the school districts in Parents Involved in Community Schools v.