Finally, this discussion will focus on pertinent counseling
approaches presented in scholarly literature and other recommendations for school counselors.
Support has been found for the effectiveness of career counseling
in helping clients make vocational choices and career decisions (Oliver & Spokane, 1988; Ryan, 1999; Spokane & Oliver, 1983; Whiston, Sexton, & Lasoff, 1998).
Guneri, Aydin and Skovholt (2003) in their study to assess and compare the counseling
needs of several subgroups of students at large urban university (Middle East Technical University) in Turkey, on one hand and also to investigate the perspectives of the counseling
staff about counseling
needs of the staff about counseling
needs of the students and counseling
services model which was put in practice in 1997, found that "managing my time (60%)" was rated highest in the list of students needs.
Section 3, Career Counseling
for Clients with Differing Abilities, focuses on the differing intervention levels needed by consumers introduced in Chapter One.
One of the ongoing advantages of utilizing the success counseling
model over time is that new counselors can grasp the techniques rather quickly After completing pre-camp with its emphasis on training in control theory and reality therapy, most counselors understand that success counseling
is not only effective but fairly easy to apply One does not have to be a psychology major in college to understand the control theory/reality therapy process.
Within some state vocational rehabilitation agencies there are specialists in placement counseling
As the Education Trust Transforming School Counseling
Initiative (Education Trust, 2005) has pointed out, school counselors are mostly absent from the school reform literature, and thus the tremendous positive potential of school counselors has been underutilized in reform efforts (House & Martin, 1998).
We then conducted a keyword search on all American Counseling
Association (ACA) journals and on selected American Psychological Association (APA) journals.
This may manifest itself in an avoidance in utilizing psychological counseling
Regarding outcome differences, the prevalent preferred use of the person-centered counseling
style has been found ineffective and counterproductive when working with Native Americans and many other minorities (Lowrey, 1983; LaFromboise et al.