the achievement of maximum provision of a good or service from given quantities of resource inputs. Cost effectiveness is often established as an objective when organizations have a given level of expenditure available to them and are seeking to provide the maximum amount of service in a situation where service outputs cannot be valued in money terms (e.g. the UK National Health Service). Where it is possible to estimate the money value of outputs as well as inputs, then COST-BENEFIT techniques can be applied. See VALUE FOR MONEY AUDIT.