consumption schedule

Consumption scheduleclick for a larger image
Fig. 33 Consumption schedule. A simple consumption schedule that takes the linear form C = a + b Y, where C is consumption and a is the minimum level of consumption expenditure at zero-disposable income (autonomous consumption). Thereafter consumption expenditure increases as income rises (induced consumption), and b is the proportion of each extra £ (pound) of disposable income that is spent. The 45-degree line OE shows what consumption expenditure would have been had it exactly matched disposable income. The difference between OE and the consumption schedule indicates the extent of dissavings or SAVINGS at various income levels. The slope of the consumption schedule is equal to the MARGINAL PROPENSITY TO CONSUME. See SAVINGS SCHEDULE, LIFE-CYCLE HYPOTHESIS, PERMANENT-INCOME HYPOTHESIS.

consumption schedule

a schedule depicting the relationship between CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE and the level of NATIONAL INCOME or DISPOSABLE INCOME, also called consumption function. At low levels of disposable income, households consume more than their current income (see DISSAVING), drawing on past savings, borrowing or selling assets in order to maintain consumption at some desired minimum level (AUTONOMOUS CONSUMPTION). At higher levels of disposable income, they consume a part of their current income and save the rest (see SAVING). See INDUCED CONSUMPTION.