collectivism

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Collectivism

Any political or economic system that centralizes the means of production at the expense of individual ownership. Collectivism is associated with socialism, which advocates state ownership of resources. However, collectivism may exist in capitalist systems if corporations own most or all of the means of production.

collectivism

the philosophy that society is composed of groups or classes of people, each with its own interests, and that social CONFLICT stems largely from conflicts of interest between them. To achieve general wellbeing, policy makers should seek to balance group interests. Political action to advance the claims of disadvantaged groups and to regulate the actions of individuals is generally viewed as desirable by those subscribing to this philosophy TRADE UNIONS are often viewed as vehicles of collectivism in that they represent and advance group interests. Critics of this philosophy argue that it subsumes the unique interests of each individual. See INDIVIDUALISM.

collectivism

see CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMY.
References in periodicals archive ?
H1 a: Collectivistic Web site appeals will result in greater multitasking among Chinese American Internet users than individualistic appeals.
The influence of the collectivistic dimensions of alignment of personal and communal goals and obligations provides the cultural basis for family members and others being a part of the sharing of personal information.
Individualistic (emphasis on the individual) versus collectivistic (emphasis on the group) viewpoints must be addressed in order to adequately discern the diverse cultural perspectives of trauma and resilience.
Using data from Malaysia, a collectivistic country of diverse cultures (e.
But what happens to self-interest in collectivistic cultures?
Korea can be characterized as a collectivistic society, whereas the U.
They found that collectivistic cultural orientation was related to positive perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities when controlling the influences of previous contact with and knowledge of people with intellectual disabilities.
Being part of a team impacts students on a collectivistic level and when asked, the students provided a wealth of feedback concerning what areas were helpful for them as a research team.
Research on FAE have found significant cultural differences, such as that FAE is more common in individualistic cultures than in collectivistic cultures, and that those who attribute transgressions to contextual factors are more likely to forgive.
Still another recent study proposed that emotions, especially for individualists working in collectivistic cultures for long periods of time, play a major role in cross-cultural success.
Previous research found that Easterners (those from collectivistic cultures such as China) seem to have different notions of love as compared to Westerners (those from individualist cultures such as the United States).
Psychologists have shown that the traits that define our collectivistic attitudes are most likely natural rather than learned, although the family situation is not the only environment that matters for personal development (Harris 1998).