co-determination


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co-determination

the German form of INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY in which all companies with more than 2000 employees are required to have an equal number of employee and shareholder representatives n the upper tier of a two-tier board of directors. However, full parity representation is not achieved (except in the coal and steel industries) because the chairperson, nominated by the shareholders, has a casting vote. In enterprises of 500-2000 employees one-third of the seats on the supervisory board are reserved for employee representatives. Employee representatives are nominated by the Works Council, elected by all employees in the company. These Councils have the legal right to co-determine with management methods and changes in WORK organization, hours of work, payments by results, HEALTH AND SAFETY regulations and discipline. To support them in this activity Works Councils have the right to DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION from management. The Works Council system is formally separate from TRADE UNION representation but in practice union representatives are often deeply involved in the Works Council system. See BULLOCK REPORT, FIFTH DIRECTIVE, WORKER DIRECTOR, EUROPEAN WORKS COUNCIL.
References in periodicals archive ?
People should not take "peaceful cohabitation, co-determination and stable political conditions for granted," he warned.
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-January 22, 2018-Pihlajalinna proposes new organisational structure; Commences co-determination negotiations
M2 EQUITYBITES-January 22, 2018-Pihlajalinna proposes new organisational structure; Commences co-determination negotiations
Furthermore, a new definition of "employment" is discussed (in order to protect economically dependent persons such as crowd workers, solo self-employed workers) and a new definition of the unit represented by the works council (to ensure co-determination rights in new decentralized structures).
In a globalized and increasingly automated economy, co-determination can't and shouldn't stop economic change, but time and again, it has humanized it.
Her first major policy speech largely ignored June's Brexit referendum, which brought her to power, and promised to push for so-called co-determination -- workers' representation on company boards -- which is a crucial part of Germany's social contract.
Then there are seismic changes like reforming corporate law to introduce co-determination along the lines of German work councils and altering civil rights law to include union activity as a protected category from discrimination like race and gender.
VW union chief Bernd Osterloh said last Friday the announcement of cuts by VW brand chief Herbert Diess had broken German rules on co-determination by executives and labor, and demanded immediate talks with company bosses.
This paper conceptualises democracy in relation to three main sets of values related to self-determination, co-determination and respect for argument.
As relaxed competition increases profits, and because workers receive an information rent from their co-determination rights, workers and firms have aligned interests in establishing works councils, at the expense of consumers.
In order to present aesthetics as a field of inquiry into bodily mediated meaning-making, scholars of psychology and literature focus on the continuity of aesthetic experience with normal processes of living, of embodied cognition and perception, of embodied meaning generation in the relation of co-determination between perceiving subjects and the environment they interact with.
It focuses on the areas of employee voice (collective bargaining, co-determination, information sharing, and consultation); discrimination; privacy, dignity, and autonomy; wrongful dismissal; compensation and benefits administration; and global supply chain and labor standards.