closed shop


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

closed shop

a requirement that all employees in a given workplace or organization be members of a specified TRADE UNION. There are two types of closed shop:
  1. pre-entry closed shop, where union membership is necessary to gain employment;
  2. post-entry closed shop, where union membership is necessary once employment has commenced.

The pre-entry closed shop, traditionally found in parts of the printing and food wholesaling industries, was often unilaterally imposed by unions, whereas the post-entry closed shop has often been formally recognized in Union Membership Agreements with managements. Many managers found the post-entry closed shop advantageous since it helped to ensure that union representatives speak for all employees. However, it can be viewed as an infringement of individual rights. See CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT.

closed shop

a requirement that all employees in a given workplace or ORGANIZATION be members of a specified TRADE UNION. Closed shops are often imposed by powerful trade unions as a means of restricting the supply of labour and maintaining high wage rates for members. See SUPPLY-SIDE ECONOMICS.
References in periodicals archive ?
She doesn't see the slump as specific to this time of year, pointing out that several of her neighbors closed shop at the end of the summer.
We''re going to call time on this last closed shop.
Other hold-out companies, however, blocked the aspirations of organized labour for the closed shop.
These rackets have been enshrined in the law for many years, dating back to the time when state protectionism and closed shops were considered perfectly acceptable practices.
What other private, closed shop profession is paid by the state?
Following the collapse of the NASDAQ, Gilder closed shop about a year ago and Ziebarth went looking for a new venture, this time vowing "to put up or shut up," as he said last fall.
Those with a vested interest in the status quo will paint this as a battle between supermarkets and pharmacies, but the OFF's conclusions will sweep away rules and red tape that support the current closed shop, raising standards and lowering prices for pharmacy customers and patients," said Evans.
Chavon Industries, Romana Industries, Jagga, Centex, Melanie, Leibrand, Makress, Elizabeth, Warmana, Elwa Dam, Jing Wong, Karson Ffg and others have closed shop or were in the process of closing, laying off hundreds of employees.
The money ran out," says Bird, explaining why the company closed shop so quickly.
Not all will survive, as evidenced by Mexico's pan-regional magazine Velocidad Internet, which debuted with a March-April issue then closed shop one edition later.
In particular, states with a high penetration of managed care organizations, such as California, are faced with large numbers of recipients who are suddenly without care because provider groups have filed bankruptcy and/or closed shop.
Furthermore, the fact that moves to make the closed shop, which is where most agree that unions were traditionally at their strongest, legally unenforceable occurred primarily from 1984 onwards with the provisions specified in the Employment Acts of 1982 and 1990, with the use of the former not coming into effect until 1984.