civil law


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Related to civil law: Tort law

civil law

legal arrangements whereby the State acts as an impartial judge of a dispute between two parties, the plaintiff, who sues and the defendant; the plaintiff usually requires damages which are a form of monetary compensation paid to him by the defendant. Civil law can be invoked for breach of CONTRACT or behaviour which constitutes a TORT and if the plaintiff wins his case he will receive damages to compensate him financially for the harm done to him by the defendant. As an alternative to damages the court may instead grant an injunction ordering the defendant to stop doing the act which is harming the plaintiff. Civil law judgements are enforced by the threat of imprisonment for contempt of court.

civil law

A system of laws with its origins in Roman and French statutes rather than the judicial decisions of English common law.See common law.

References in periodicals archive ?
To summarize, therefore, the members of the legal fraternity and, specially, members of the journalist community, must understand the distinction between a declaration of nullity issued by an Ecclesiastical Tribunal of the Catholic Church and a "divorce" granted under the civil law by a Civil Court.
I see much to admire in the Civil Law, but there are some principles,
The implications of the practice of civil law, however, reverberated far beyond the walls of an advocate's chambers or the local courthouse.
The committee has also scheduled more focus group panel discussions in the days to come on Alternative Dispute Resolution, reforms in Civil Laws and the role of bar in providing the speedy and effective justice and curbing practices that cause unnecessary and unreasonable delay in dispensation of justice in the country.
First: divorce is by man based on amend 1132 of civil law and he could perform it any time
Alternatively, this finding does not necessarily mean that audit firms in the civil law jurisdictions are of higher audit quality; the transparency level of accounting and auditing issues in the civil law jurisdictions are relatively low, considering the complexity associated with international inspections.
The common law draws the regulation of fiduciaries mainly from property law, while in the civil law it is based on contract.
9) However, the definition excludes the activities of court officers who submit neutral information or research to courts, usually in civil law jurisdictions, such as the Advocates General of the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ), (10) rapporteurs publics in France, (11) or Vertreter des offentlichen Interesses ("representatives of the public interest") in Germany.
Even though civil marriages may be registered in Lebanon, the current proposal requires couples to specify a foreign country's civil law to follow in case of divorce or custody.
These are attempts, based on a particular interpretation of natural law, to impose official Catholic teaching upon civil law in the rest of the country.
Few in Canada, outside the legal field, would even know Canada is a bijural country with nine common law provinces and one civil law province, Quebec.