centralization

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centralization

the vertical dimension of ORGANIZATION structure. Organizations are centralized when important decisions are largely taken by managers at the top of the organization. There is a persistent tension between DECENTRALIZATION and centralization organizations. Centralization of decisions is useful to provide central direction to the organization. However, it can mean that the organization cannot respond quickly to PRODUCT MARKET developments. Also, if lower level managers are precluded from making important decisions it can have negative effects on their job satisfaction. See ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.

centralization

the concentration of economic decision-making centrally rather than diffusing such decision-making to many different decision-makers. In a country, this is achieved by the adoption of a CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMY where the state undertakes to own, control and direct resources into particular uses. In a firm, centralization involves top managers retaining authority to make all major decisions and issuing detailed instructions to particular divisions and departments.

See U-FORM ORGANIZATION.

References in periodicals archive ?
For more information about EPN's Centralized OFAC Screening Service, visit http://www.
Centralized Web services in general are an area of strong business competition (Vogelstein, 2005).
KVM over IP systems make flexible centralized control possible, eliminating long-distance dispatch of technicians to remote locations for service or other action--all they need is access to a Web browser.
Strong centralized management (usually evidenced by centralized departments that create mutual economies of scale) was not present.
A centralized system, which tracks not only book collections but also all forms of multimedia, can eliminate unnecessary duplicated purchases, too.
With Sony Sports Solutions you'll have easy access to all of Sony's professional products through one centralized point of contact, Whether you need cameras, VTRs, editors, monitors, servers security systems or display equipment, just one phone call or e-mail is all it takes to get the ball rolling
Nationwide, the EPA was pushing hard for centralized inspection that would separate the testing and repairing functions.
On the other side of the economic equation, Stewart of Triple S Plastics says his plant has been using a centralized QMC conveying system for the past year to make 12-16 material changes each day, and "the centralized system greatly improves our uptime, our productivity, and our quality.
Storing classified business information and data on a centralized server achieves greater protection of classified business information and data integrity.
And terminal servers, which use the WAN to process and display requests between remote thin clients and centralized application servers, suffer from poor performance and lack scalability.
The next few sections will be an examination of how centralized implementations of union catalogs meet the functional characteristics-the broad areas of consistent searching/indexing, consolidation of records, and performance/management--described above.
RCCS is well established as the leading supplier of centralized capacitor control application software.

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