Brain Drain


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Brain Drain

A situation in which the smartest, best educated people in a society or country leave for elsewhere. For example, brain drain may occur if the best doctors in a country leave to work abroad. Brain drain can occur for any number of reasons. Common examples, however, include political instability, better career opportunities or simply higher salaries. Brain drain is a problem in many developing countries.
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When dealing with brain drain issues, like the Republic of Serbia, Hungary, Croatia have been, it is very important to identify what the key propulsive factors that indicate certain ways of demographic changes are.
Sociological theories that are relevant to the field of brain drain
The first part of the analysis is based on the assumption that the brain drain is determined by the host country, is binding, and is taken as given by home-country skilled residents.
Research studies were conducted to minimize the harmful effects of brain drain by suggesting certain measures or strategies such as taxation imposed by host Country on skilled emigrants and imposing restrictions to prevent their movement3.
Former Telecommunications Minister Nicholas Sehnaoui told The Daily Star that "The future of this country lies in technology and startups because it is the only sector that can reverse our brain drain and that taps into what we have best; our grey matter and creativity.
Without exaggeration, Europe's brain drain is a structural, unresolved problem.
The history of brain drain is traced back to the era of Greek philosophers with the technocrats who moved their services across geographical borders.
And it wasn't just developing countries suffering such a brain drain.
MacPhee and Hassan (1990) define brain drain as an outmigration of skilled workers from developing to developed countries.
Meanwhile, economically less advantaged countries, which see their already precarious economic and social conditions deteriorating, try to stop the brain drain by stepping up incentives offered to their skilled and talented labor force.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- The brain drain from developing countries to developed ones has been debated for decades.
Over the past decade, there has been increasing evidence describing the relationship between the brain drain and poverty, the causal impact of brain drain migration on economic development, the main channels through which a brain drain affects the sending economies, and the impact of the brain drain on human capital formation.