through blockades, which is not possible when blockades are formed only
von Heinegg emphasises that the blockades considered above were
Local people are the victims of this economic blockade
He was responsible for giving political and legal clearance to Royal Navy boarding operations in the Persian Gulf following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, to enforce the UN authorised blockade
against Iraqi weapons shipments.
This ruling explicitly allows upholding a blockade
against ships carrying fuel and food, but international law puts a restriction here in the 'Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions' from 1977: Article 54 (2) puts restraints on those who " attack, destroy, remove, or render useless objects indispensable to the survival of the civilian population[.
Found in article 4 of the 1856 Declaration of Paris, it is grounded in the neutral concern that belligerent powers not be permitted wantonly to declare "paper blockades
," thereby interfering with neutral shipping, without the means or motive to enforce them.
However, it is clear that blockade
runners chiefly sought to achieve political, not humanitarian, aims.
runners were built for speed to avoid Union warships.
Greek farmers managed to temporary close the E-79 road between Bulgaria and Greece, but lifted the blockade
on Tuesday following the Greek police intervention.
The report stressed, "more important and fatal to the Israeli claim of a legal blockade
is its disproportionate impact on the civilian population documented by various UN agencies and the international community at large.
An additional component of the blockade
was a demand that the state of Israel lifts its illegal blockade
Over the last few years, the French port blockades
have stopped hauliers leaving and entering the UK, and caused tailbacks and delays in both France and the UK.