One of main goals of this paper is also to present the methodology of multi-scale modeling of structure parameters which are further treated as the material model description in numerical simulation of the interaction be tween blast wave
and composite energy absorbing structure.
Whether a blast wave
can directly damage the brain and the pathophysiological mechanisms by which it may do so have been the subjects of controversy since at least WWI .
In the case where all individual components of SC are nominally identical or a continuous SC can be discretised notionally into nominally identical components, a different number of them will fail (will be "sacrificed") at different intensities of reflected blast wave
Similar to the rupture of the TM, ossicular damage may dispel some of the energy transmitted by the blast wave
, preserving the inner ear.
It generated a blast wave
that blew out windows and damaged buildings in the city of Chelyabinsk, injuring more than 1,000 people.
The gas heated to the highest temperatures by the supernova blast wave
radiates X rays, for example, while cooler dust radiates at much lower, infrared energies.
It's a 21,000- lb explosive which creates a massive blast wave
, much like an atomic cloud, except it's not nuclear.
Witness Dan Vered, 36, said: "There was a tremendous flash of orange and then we got the noise and then the blast wave
, which was like a gush of air.
One example that has been observed is a core-collapse supernovae, where the death of a massive star generates a blast wave
so strong that it spreads throughout the surrounding area for several thousand years.
This goes for the blast wave
from any type of explosion, not just nuclear.
The engineers also investigated dividing carriages with materials that soak up energy and reduce the impact of a blast wave
, the report added.
The production of gamma rays suggests that the supernova's blast wave
acts as a cosmic version of a particle accelerator, revving up charged particles to energies a billion times those of a hospital X ray.