bank rate


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Related to bank rate: prime rate

Discount Rate

The interest rate at which the Federal Reserve makes short-term loans to member banks. The discount rate is an indicator of the direction in which the Federal Reserve is trying to push the broader economy. In general, a low interest rate indicates that it is trying to promote growth by making liquidity easily available, and a high interest rate shows that the Fed is concerned about inflationary pressures on the economy and trying to reduce the amount of money in the economy. Along with the sale of Treasury securities and the determining of the fed funds rate, setting the discount rate is one of the primary ways the Federal Reserve sets the monetary policy of the United States.

bank rate

see INTEREST RATE.

bank rate

the former ‘official’ INTEREST RATE that was administered by the government as part of MONETARY POLICY in controlling the economy. Bank rate operated as the BASE RATE for the banking system, influencing interest rates charged on bank loans, mortgages and instalment credit. Bank rate was replaced in 1972 by the ‘minimum lending rate’, which itself was abolished in 1984. The ‘official’ interest rate is now set by the MONETARY POLICY COMMITTEE of the BANK OF ENGLAND. See Fig. 125.

bank rate

See discount rate.
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