automation

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Automation

The use of machinery, rather than persons, to complete a task. Automation has become increasingly common with leaps in technology that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. Automation is thought to have increased efficiency; for example, it made mass production of goods possible. Critics contend, however, that it renders jobs obsolete, undermining workers and reducing people's knowledge of how to "do" things. See also: Industrial Revolution.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines such as robots to undertake frequently-repeated PRODUCTION processes to make them self-regulating, thus avoiding human intervention in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit.

Automation can be applied to mass production, PRODUCTION-LINE operations which are performed in a fixed sequence with high volumes but in a relatively inflexible way, where changes in the process to accommodate product changes are difficult and costly to implement (fixed automation). Automation can also be applied to lower volume BATCH PRODUCTION type operations, allowing in this case for greater flexibility in accommodating product changes by reprogramming the numerically-controlled machine's/robot's instructions to facilitate rapid changeovers (flexible or programmable automation). See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines, such as robots, to undertake frequently repeated production processes to make them self-regulating, thus minimizing or eliminating the use of labour in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit. See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM, PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESSIVENESS, CAPITAL-LABOUR RATIO, MASS PRODUCTION, COMPUTER.
References in periodicals archive ?
Invio automates those tasks to free up time for our key technical people to focus on proactive ways to make our networked storage environment better, faster, more reliable and scalable.
Flexible solutions from Altiris help IT align services to drive business objectives, deliver audit-ready security, automate tasks, and reduce the cost and complexity of management.
Opsware automates the complete IT lifecycle and enables IT to automatically discover, provision, patch, configure, secure, change, scale, audit, recover, consolidate, migrate, and reallocate servers, network devices and applications.
They also plan to automate financial processes, which will enable them to send invoices electronically to customers demanding this method of transmission beginning in 2007.
Movaris, the software company that automates and unifies account reconciliations, SOX compliance, financial close and financial reporting processes, today announced that several of the world's largest manufacturing companies have chosen Movaris Sarbanes-Oxley Compliance to eliminate unnecessary controls, reduce audit fees, and cut internal costs.
According to the report, finance executives should consider solutions such as Movaris OneClose to automate and manage the manual, labor-intensive processes that make up the 'last mile' of finance - account reconciliations, compliance, and financial close.
And with its breadth of support for the leading service management applications, such as BMC, CA, HP, and IBM, Opalis enables IT to automate and orchestrate IT processes into ITIL best practices.
Network Automation's Automate has been named the winner in the Automation/Scheduling Software category of the 2006 Windows IT Pro Readers' Choice Awards.
the expert provider of enterprise software used to integrate and automate routine IT operational processes and achieve an automated data center, announced today use of its technology for automating run book processes and enabling ITIL best practices.