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2. To decide the cost of something. For example, an insurance company may assess the damage of a house fire at $120,000 and agree to pay that much toward repairs. Alternatively, the government may assess that one owes $50,000 in income tax based upon one's income the previous year.
(1) The official valuation of property for tax purposes. (2) A one-time charge made against property owners for each one's pro rata share of the expense of repairs or improvements to be enjoyed by all of them in common,such as a condo association assessment to replace a roof,or a local government assessment to pave a dirt road. (3) Determination of the value of property in a condemnation case.