In this novel also animism
, Islam and Christianity again are layered and interwoven.
According to Willerslev (following Ingold 2000:43-6), the problem with symbolic approaches to animism
is that they are based on the 'metaphor model', which constructs 'figurative parallels' between domains of nature and culture through which society represents its consciousness back to itself.
The challenge for an ecological pneumatology, which wants to drink from its own classical wells and respect its synergies with traditional animism
in the history of mission, is to resist the authority of life-threatening animations and to overcome the power of fetishization.
Shamanism is an integral component of the Hmong people's traditional beliefs of animism
and ancestor worship.
, fetishism, and objectivism as strategies for knowing (or not knowing) the world.
Such a belief system may be animism
in various forms, including beliefs regarding natural occurrences.
It is strange, to say the very least, for a self-confessed socialist-Marxist poet like Osundare to try to hold in precarious tension two mutually incompatible categories such as his native Yoruba animism
and his materialist ideology.
This sounds more like animism
than Christianity, a belief system that predates even polytheism in the annals of religion and holds that every human quality or affliction has a "spirit" with a will of its own.
On a philosophical level, McWhinney cites Buddhism and animism
as means of connecting art to nature.
There hasn't been a straight-line development from animism
to paganism to monotheism to science.
Jesus Christ changed our lives," he continued, speaking of how his people converted from animism
Chapter 3 turns to animism
and what the author calls the 'irrational, consuming fascination with vengeance' (p.