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Related to alienation: Parental alienation


In law, the ability to transfer a property to another party, either by sale or gift. Most property is alienable, but subject to certain restrictions. For example, a property may be temporarily inalienable because a third party has right of first refusal on it.


the separation of people from their essential qualities as human beings in capitalist societies. Karl Marx (1818-83), who first developed the concept, believed that ‘free conscious activity’ was the hallmark of human activity Work in modern capitalist society, which involves the worker producing goods and services for the profit of an employer and in a manner dictated by the employer, separates (i.e. alienates) people from their essence. In effect an individual's labour power is reduced to a commodity to be bought and sold. Job dissatisfaction may well result, but the possibility arises that alienation from ‘true’ human desires is so deep that individuals have no standard against which to compare their lot and hence may nevertheless experience job satisfaction. Since alienation, as defined here, has no clear discernible relationship with SATISFACTION, many critics have argued that its use in the analysis of work attitudes and behaviour is decidedly limited.

A closer link between alienation and job satisfaction has been provided by American sociologist Robert Blauner (1929 -). He defined alienation as a ‘fragmentation in man's consciousness’, experienced as dissatisfaction. The dimensions of this are a sense of powerlessness (i.e. inability to control what happens at work), a feeling of meaninglessness (i.e. the job tasks seem pointless), a sense of isolation from others, and a feeling of self-estrangement (i.e. that one's creativity is stifled). In Blauner's view, technology is the most important determinant of alienation.

In assembly-line work (see FORDISM) alienation reaches its peak. By contrast, more recent process technology, in which the worker oversees a range of operations rather than being subjugated to the machine, is associated with lower levels of alienation. The logic of Blauner's account, in contrast to that of Marx, is that alienation can be reduced by managerial policies to modify the nature of workers'tasks (see JOB DESIGN AND REDESIGN) and to integrate workers into a work community (see HUMAN RELATIONS). See ANOMIE.


The act of transferring ownership or some partial interest in real property from one person to another. Voluntary alienation occurs when one executes a deed or a lease. Involuntary alienation occurs when there is a foreclosure,tax sale,or condemnation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Also Sulu et al, [21] suggest that alienation from work refers to employees who may not be able to do their social activities and has been exist gaps between them and perception of reality and purpose of work and the benefits such as values and ideals and their demands.
In Seeman's article the author asserts that there are five dimensions in work alienation.
We will have the power to choose what sort of nation we want to be: one where we live up to Jimmy Reid's legacy, by using the powers of an independent nation, to fully address alienation and create a fairer society.
Furthermore, I must note that we must be more cautious and delicate about the steps to be taken especially after the mismanagement of the Uludere and other tragedies as well as the ruling party's increasingly nationalist discourse having triggered the sense of alienation of our Kurdish citizens.
The Prime Minister has now relaxed the ban for certain categories of projects by allowing land alienation for:
Corgan said: "If I had to say, I'd say the two themes in the record that stick out most are a sense of alienation both interpersonally and culturally.
The Soviet people were subjected to abrupt, forced alienation, while we are now in a slow process of voluntary alienation.
Mr Riley made clear that such alienation amongst major religious groups has always, and today still does, generate worldwide religious competition and distrust leading to defensive faith extremism.
practice I focus on issues such as cultural alienation and marginalization.
This research draws upon the literature concerning alienation to better understand how temporary workers experience their jobs, and moreover, how their experiences differ from the perceptions of their coworkers and managers.
The core of the volume sets out 20 reasons why parental alienation should be a diagnosis.
The show, released as a double album by the British band in 1979, deals with complex issues of isolation, alienation and war, and Waters said it would be a tribute to the