alienation

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Alienation

In law, the ability to transfer a property to another party, either by sale or gift. Most property is alienable, but subject to certain restrictions. For example, a property may be temporarily inalienable because a third party has right of first refusal on it.

alienation

the separation of people from their essential qualities as human beings in capitalist societies. Karl Marx (1818-83), who first developed the concept, believed that ‘free conscious activity’ was the hallmark of human activity Work in modern capitalist society, which involves the worker producing goods and services for the profit of an employer and in a manner dictated by the employer, separates (i.e. alienates) people from their essence. In effect an individual's labour power is reduced to a commodity to be bought and sold. Job dissatisfaction may well result, but the possibility arises that alienation from ‘true’ human desires is so deep that individuals have no standard against which to compare their lot and hence may nevertheless experience job satisfaction. Since alienation, as defined here, has no clear discernible relationship with SATISFACTION, many critics have argued that its use in the analysis of work attitudes and behaviour is decidedly limited.

A closer link between alienation and job satisfaction has been provided by American sociologist Robert Blauner (1929 -). He defined alienation as a ‘fragmentation in man's consciousness’, experienced as dissatisfaction. The dimensions of this are a sense of powerlessness (i.e. inability to control what happens at work), a feeling of meaninglessness (i.e. the job tasks seem pointless), a sense of isolation from others, and a feeling of self-estrangement (i.e. that one's creativity is stifled). In Blauner's view, technology is the most important determinant of alienation.

In assembly-line work (see FORDISM) alienation reaches its peak. By contrast, more recent process technology, in which the worker oversees a range of operations rather than being subjugated to the machine, is associated with lower levels of alienation. The logic of Blauner's account, in contrast to that of Marx, is that alienation can be reduced by managerial policies to modify the nature of workers'tasks (see JOB DESIGN AND REDESIGN) and to integrate workers into a work community (see HUMAN RELATIONS). See ANOMIE.

alienation

The act of transferring ownership or some partial interest in real property from one person to another. Voluntary alienation occurs when one executes a deed or a lease. Involuntary alienation occurs when there is a foreclosure,tax sale,or condemnation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Notwithstanding the generally acknowledged discrimination of alienable and inalienable property, noticeably little attention has been paid in libertarian scholarship to the eye-catching consequence, that its contribution to shaping the social standing of man among his peers is crucial.
This shift can be imagined as moving from an emphasis on properties of the self (in relation to others), to properties owned by the self; or rather, from a self that is determined more by inalienable properties (essences), to a self largely constituted by alienable ones (commodities).
Once we adopt this version of the Pareto principle, however, Gibbard's alienable rights provide a simple solution to the conflict between even Sen's demanding version of liberalism and the Pareto principle.
at 254 (noting that the GAA unified a patchwork of policies allotting land on a freely alienable basis that had led to the rapid disappearance of Indian land).
Re ``The alienable Right; GOP's turn from core principles driving people away''(Their Opinions, May 9):
During Tuesday's discussion, the areas that will be freed from the said restriction include: exploitation, development and utilization of natural resources; ownership of alienable lands; franchise on public utilities; practice of profession; ownership of educational institutions, mass media and advertising.
The House Committee on Natural Resources has declared the Kalayaan Island Group (KIG) in Palawan as alienable and disposable land for agriculture, residential and commercial purposes.
The following persons may file in the proper Court of First Instance an application for registration of title to land, whether personally or through their duly authorized representatives: those who by themselves or through their predecessors-in-interest have been in open, continuous, exclusive and notorious possession and occupation of alienable and disposable lands of the public domain under a bona fide claim of ownership since June 12, 1945 or earlier.
He said it is outside the commerce of men and unless it is reclassified as alienable and disposable land, it cannot be leased.
DENR-ARMM, Secretary Kahal Kedtag said his office aims to distribute 1,587 hectares which are currently classified as alienable and disposable public lands.
Titling of alienable and disposable public agricultural lands actually possessed, occupied and used for public schools has been made easier," Sibbaluca said.