stress among American refugees: Gender and racial differences.
The participants' experiences described in this study reveal an inside look at the retrospective accounts of Chinese immigrant adults who immigrated to Canada when they were children, and serve to highlight the complexities of the adjustment experience involved in the acculturative
The extent to which African American students are able to form a positive or negative racial identity is a significant predictor of reported levels of acculturative
Family Distancing (AFD) and Depression in Chinese American Families.
The present study approached hopelessness as a possible culturally specific response to a unique sociopolitical context in which acculturative
stress can surface in relation to, as well as independent of, more traditional psychiatric diagnoses such as depression.
They often struggle with acculturative
issues, including stress, confusion about cultural identity, intergenerational conflict, and discrimination (Anisef & Kilbride, 2003; Canadian Council on Social Development, 2000; Ma, 2002).
Once in the host country, the psychological trauma of uprooting and adapting to a new culture often becomes manifest as acculturative
This anxiety, in turn, is associated with elevated acculturative
stress, low self-esteem, ineffective social support, and lack of control over the migrant lifestyle.
It was found that adolescents' level of acculturation and acculturative
stress did not appear to have a significant influence on their problem behaviors.
However, even with politically correct ancestry, the foreign-born and their native-born children cannot expect to be fully accepted as Canadians until their original and distinctive cultural differences have been reduced through thei r assimilative and acculturative
stress can be thought of as an outcome of the acculturation process, it also has the potential to influence various development domains.
In contrast, ethnic identity conflict, stemming either from acculturative
stress or from adolescents' perception of racial discrimination, has a negative effect on adolescents' psychological and behavioral adjustment.