accounts

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Account

An agreement between an institution and a person, or another institution, whereby the first institution agrees to hold money and/or other assets on behalf of the second. What the holder may do with those assets depends upon the nature of the account. In a checking account and a savings account, a bank holds money for the client and pays it (them or he/she) a certain percentage in interest. This payment gives the bank the right to lend the money to other clients or invest it within the confines of law and banking regulation. However, the client has the right to withdraw the total amount of money on demand. In a brokerage account, a brokerage holds money and securities for the client and makes transactions with them at the client's request. In exchange, the brokerage charges commissions for the transactions.

accounts

the financial statements of a business prepared from a system of recorded financial transactions. Public limited JOINT-STOCK COMPANIES are required to publish their year-end financial statements, which must comprise at least a PROFIT-AND-LOSS ACCOUNT and BALANCE SHEET, to enable SHAREHOLDERS to assess their company's financial performance during the period. AUDITORS also require a set of year-end accounts to enable them to undertake appropriate tests of the LEDGER records and submit their opinion on the accuracy of the company's reported results to shareholders. Nonincorporated bodies such as sole proprietors and partnerships are not subject to such rigorous legislation but most prepare appropriate financial statements to submit to the INLAND REVENUE as a basis for tax assessments.

accounts

the financial statements of an individual or organization prepared from a system of recorded financial transactions. Public limited JOINT-STOCK COMPANIES are required to publish their year-end financial statements, which must comprise at least a PROFIT-AND-LOSS ACCOUNT and BALANCE SHEET, to enable SHAREHOLDERS to assess their company's financial performance during the period under review.