Although our analysis strongly supports the validity of the associations that were observed, the increase in the absolute risks
, if the associations are causal, is small," the researchers wrote.
Although absolute risks
for neuropathy are low, CD is a potentially treatable condition with a young age of onset.
From these studies the DAD researchers conclude that HIV infection appears to increase the absolute risk
of cardiovascular disease by about 1.
Supplementation with omega-3 PUFAs showed no significant correlation of absolute risk
reduction and major cardiovascular events.
Thus, the absolute risk
of GBS would be equivalent to an additive joint effect on the RR scale: joint GBS risk = [RR.
Again, at 10 years' follow up, participants with an average change had an absolute risk
of major osteoporotic fracture of 15.
They looked at 566 patients with retinal detachment, of which 72 had taken fluoroquinolones, and found overall that use of oral fluoroquinolones only increased the absolute risk
to by no more than 11 retinal detachment cases per 1,000,000 treatment episodes.
However, the absolute risk
for cancer of a child born to a mother who had fertility problems is low.
It must also be acknowledged that, although we found an association, the absolute risk
of stillbirth and ectopic pregnancy is very low and the observed association is small.
When the researchers ran the numbers, they found that prenatal valproate exposure was connected with an absolute risk
for autism of 4.
One of the two large case-control studies examining the teratogenic effects of SSRIs found no significant associations between SSRI use overall and congenital heart defects; but revealed an association with anencephaly, craniosynostosis, and omphalocele, with a small absolute risk
6-fold increased risk of PrCa by age 65, corresponding to an absolute risk
of ~ 15% by age 65.