Water Quality Improvement Act of 1970

Water Quality Improvement Act of 1970

Legislation in the United States requiring ship owners to pay to clean up their ships' pollution. Ships may be refused the right to travel in certain waters if their owners cannot show that they have the ability to pay for any potential clean-ups.
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Section 401(a) originated as section 21(b) of the Water Quality Improvement Act of 1970, and the language of section 401 remained identical to section 21(b) through the 1972 enactment and all subsequent amendments of the CWA.
200) This provision was first drafted in 1970 as section 21(a) of the Water Quality Improvement Act of 1970, and it originally referred to "any discharges allegedly contributing to pollution from any such Federal property .
Section 401 was adopted from section 21(b) of the Water Quality Improvement Act of 1970, which did not provide for a definition of discharge.

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