References in periodicals archive ?
Thirty-two species of Coccinellidae representing 17 genera have been reported from washups (Oliver, 1943; Lee, 1980; Schaefer et al.
Species native to the Finger Lakes region that were collected in washups by other researchers but were conspicuously absent from our study include; Anatis mali, Adalia bipunctata, Coccinella transversoguttata, C.
The washups we found in the Finger Lakes provide evidence contradictory to the expectations of several hypotheses concerning the cause of this phenomenon.
This is not the case: washups in the Finger Lakes region are minute in comparison to those found on the Great Lakes, which in turn are small in comparison to reports from ocean coasts.
High or complete mortality at washups has been reported in several studies (Lee, 1980; Nalepa et al.
An unknown weather or wind condition has been invoked as the cause of washups by several authors (Lee, 1980; Schaefer et al.
Perhaps as the lake warms throughout the summer, the lake breeze becomes less intense, so washups float for shorter periods of time before reaching the shore.
The implications of ladybug washups for other members of the ecological community are intriguing.
Ladybug washups can occasionally cause massive loss of life, which raises conservation concerns.
Collection data for species found in washups in the Finger Lakes Region in order of abundance.
Key words: Coccinellidae, ladybug, washup, Finger Lakes, Lake Breeze.
A prerequisite to a massive washup is an equally large coccinellid flight.