46) Naturally the free Brazilian-born blacks did not find it beneficial to belong to voluntary associations
which had been established mainly by African-born slaves, whose members were predominantly enslaved, and which placed a special emphasis on ethnicity.
Is it possible that governance by voluntary association
is what you have always wanted?
By combining Kropotkin's conception of voluntary association
with Proudhon and Bakunin's federalism, Ward developed his own original conception of 'topless' or 'horizontal' federations.
Joseph Bradley, Voluntary Associations
in Tsarist Russia: Science, Patriotism, and Civil Society.
In the exploration of contextual effects on voluntary association
membership, previous research has focused on comparative projects examining country level structural contexts or determinants of civic engagement (Schofer and Fourcade-Gourinchas 2001; Baer et al.
The same holds true, undoubtedly, with respect to voluntary association
DARREN FERRY'S STUDY of voluntary associations
is a fine example of the research on the dissemination of liberal values in the nineteenth century that has flowed from the trajectory sparked by Ian McKay in his influential 2000 CHA article, "The Liberal Order Framework: A Prospectus for a Reconnaissance of Canadian History.
Other scholars have suggested that membership in ethnically based voluntary organizations can provide "bonding" forms of social support within individual ethnic communities, while, at the same time, membership in more general types of voluntary association
can foster "bridging" networks, which reduce the barriers separating ethnic enclaves from one another and from the wider society as a whole (e.
Exile Without an End" (page 54) remembers the victims of "the first ethnic cleansing in American history," the 18th-century Acadians, and their emphasis on voluntary association
, commerce, and tolerance.
We cannot do this on our own - we need strong representative institutions to create the conditions in which voluntary association
and voluntary action can flourish and to safeguard the wider public interest
But Tocqueville also noted that Americans were stubborn in their insistence that religion remain a voluntary association
Events must be sponsored by the voluntary association
and should be of general membership interest.