Voivodeship

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Voivodeship

In Poland, a political subdivision equivalent to a province.
References in periodicals archive ?
Following variables were used: social welfare expenditures, number of NGOs, GDP per capita, The analysis let to divide Polish voivodeships into four clusters :
Hypothesis 2--In voivodeships characterised by slower economic growth local governments offer smaller grants to non-governmental organizations--arises from the assumption that in a period of crisis the public sector cuts its spending on social welfare because they have to fund essential social services (Kucher, 2012) and from the results of cluster analysis.
It must be remembered, however, that in the social welfare budgets of voivodeships the share of grants for NGOs changed differently.
Its outcomes have confirmed hypothesis 2 that in voivodeships that are economically less developed the social-welfare NGOs receive less money in government grants.
The total welfare expenditure is greater in voivodeships with higher GDP, but its per capita value is smaller.
The research has confirmed that in less developed voivodeships local governments support PBOs with smaller grants.
Poland has 16 voivodeships, each with a population of at least 1 million and on average 50% of all settlements places are towns.
It is noteworthy, however, that the importance may depend on many factors, such as the economic situation in the voivodeship.
The Pearsons' coefficients showed strong correlation between the local government grants for NGOs and GDP and the unemployment rate in the voivodeship.
The analysis has shown that the amount of grants received by NGOs to carry out social welfare projects is determined by certain economic indicators, such as GDP and unemployment rate in the voivodeship.
The competencies and the operational efficiency of Polish Custom Mobile Groups of 4 Voivodeships located at the external EU-borders are improved and closer to the EU standards.