Vocational Rehabilitation


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Vocational Rehabilitation

A joint program between the U.S. federal government and all state and territorial governments that trains and provides other services to persons with disabilities in order to help them find jobs. Vocational rehabilitation programs work with both disabled persons and employers to find the best solution for all involved. The programs began as federal state partnerships in 1973, but some states had similar programs before then.
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As the demands of the labor market change, so must our approach to vocational rehabilitation.
To increase funds available for vocational rehabilitation and to provide consumers with a choice in rehabilitation providers, the NASI panel, the Congress and the Clinton Administration have recommended that SSDI Trust Funds be tapped to provide vouchers or tickets for SSI recipients and SSDI beneficiaries who wish to work.
In 1990, this incentive system prompted the development of a new administrative organization under the Ministry of Labor, the South Korean Employment Promotion Agency for the Disabled (KEPAD), which plays a similar role to the Division of Vocational Rehabilitation in the United States (Kang, 1997).
Clients who have remedial needs in the post secondary environments of Vocational Rehabilitation education and employment goals and settings are being met as never before.
In a University of Wisconsin-Stout pilot study, titled Community Resources Accessed by Community-Based Rehabilitation Programs, the chief executive officers at 20 different community-based vocational rehabilitation organizations in Minnesota and Wisconsin were interviewed to determine organizational financial support, types of services provided, and the effect of SSDI and SSI on consumer participation.
Kinne, who has been a vocational rehabilitation professional for the past 24 years, "and I am looking forward to meeting with my peers from across the country to discuss and debate these very critical issues.
Based on the preceding discussion of streamlining and recent experience in participating in streamlining reviews, the following recommendations are offered which should enhance the capacity of the state-federal vocational rehabilitation program to assist persons with disabilities in achieving more valuable outcomes.
Project Alliance (Rumrill, 1996c) took a pro-active stance in the vocational rehabilitation of adults with MS, i.
The Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1992 redirected the focus of the public vocational rehabilitation (VR) program to employment and reestablished the primacy of the relationship between the individual with a disability and the VR counselor.
Although supported employment has been shown to be effective in boosting the rate of job acquisition, a major limitation is that it showed no advantage over traditional vocational rehabilitation services in helping workers retain their jobs (Wallace, Tauber, & Wilde, 1999).
The 50th Anniversary forum of the Institute on Rehabilitation Issues (IRI) was held at the Washington Marriott Metro Center in Washington, DC, on June 1-3, 1997, with approximately 150 people from across the country and overseas attending, including vocational rehabilitation (VR) professionals, advocates, persons with disabilities, educators, and employers.
It appears some of the services provided by the staff in these centers have similar characteristics to the services provided by vocational rehabilitation counselors in the United States.
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