Senate Republicans proposed a wide range of tax credits, subsidies and discounts to different groups, while House Democrats offered a three-bill package containing measures that previously have been introduced--something they say could cover more than half of the uninsured.
Helping the uninsured is also at center stage in this year's presidential campaign.
The prior push by some advocates for a federal mandate that would require employers to provide healthcare coverage for employees is something insurers fear would be an onerous answer for the millions of uninsured individuals and their employers.
Many insurers and corporations are trying to find their own ways to drive down the rising number of uninsured individuals.
In the 1990s, the company began a "Caring Program for Children" and helped more than 13,000 uninsured children receive necessary care before the program ended after 10 years to make way for HealthWave--the State Children's Health Insurance Program.
WellPoint also is educating its agents and brokers about untapped markets and offering them continuing-education classes to better understand misconceptions uninsured individuals have about insurance and affordability.
More than 50 Fortune 500 companies, including IBM, General Electric, Honeywell, Ford, Sears, McDonald's and Shell Oil, recently announced they were joining to form the Affordable Health Care Solutions Coalition to provide a pool that could cover as many as 4 million uninsured workers.
Eight out of 10 uninsured people are in working families.
Uninsured people aged 25 to 44 account for about 51% of uninsured, nonelderly adults.
The greatest proportion of the uninsured live in the South and West, influenced, in part, by the influx of uninsured in the border states.
About 20% or more of the population in three populous states--California, Florida and Texas--are uninsured, accounting for one in three uninsured people.
More than four times as many uninsured people live in urban areas because of the population distribution in the United States.