In our analysis, the tone-bearing unit (TBU) is the mora, and tones are (in general) underlyingly
linked to TBUs.
One possibility is that consonants that are syllabified across a morpheme boundary are ambisyllabic (and maybe also longer), whereas underlyingly
intervocalic consonants are only syllabified as onsets of the following nucleus.
This issue was addressed by Aarts (1991: 575), who analyzed codes for seven underlyingly
different structures in OALDCE4, LDOCE2 and COBUILD1.
Here we see that the frozen suffixes -ik- and -uk- condition voicing of the underlyingly
voiceless root-final consonant /t/, which does surface in the last form.
While most previous accounts of the Mandarin third tone represent it as underlyingly
LL(H) or ML(H), with various manifestations of final H, Duanmu opts for the simple representation LL, and claims that the occasional tail-end H in utterance-final forms "comes from a polarity constraint that requires L to be followed by H in a disyllabic foot" (p.
For affixes with a variable initial vowel, such as 3pl -(e)nek, Stiebels and Wunderlich assume that they start with a vowel which underlyingly
projects a root node, but not a mora:
Do the aspectual verbs -vidu `completive' and -vaiyi `future utility'(22) underlyingly
contain an initial v-?
Specifically, since an initial /g/ deletes under soft mutation, this may result in an underlyingly
C-initial word becoming V-initial.
These are the correspondence relations established between the underlyingly
specified form of the morpheme /s/ and its output correspondent, usually zero in Dominican Spanish.
is added when the stem ends in an underlyingly
voiceless obstruent, or in other words, when the stem ends in a voiceless obstruent before the infinitive suffix /[?
For example, according to Vallduvi (1990, 1993, 1994, 1995), in Catalan, which he argues to be an underlyingly
VOS language, topics (which he refers to as links) must always be left-detached to a sentence-initial position external to the core clause.
Therefore, even if they underlyingly
occupy a complement position to the right, they are incapable of checking case against that projection and they must adjoin if the derivation is not to crash (8).