The unadjusted trial balance shown in Exhibit 1 acts as a bright line between nonattest and attest services.
Practitioners often interpreted this to mean that someone within management must have some form of accounting or bookkeeping background in order to record transactions and produce the unadjusted trial balance.
The other perspective starts with an unadjusted trial balance, then the preparation of cash-basis financial statements, followed by adjustments made directly to the financial statements.
In this chapter, you will learn how to prepare an income statement, statement of owner equity, balance sheet, and statement of cash flows from an unadjusted trial balance and from an adjusted trial balance.
An unadjusted trial balance would look like the one in Appendix E.
Figure 5-2 demonstrates the process of preparing a cash-basis income statement from the Farmers' unadjusted trial balance in Appendix E.
The Farmers use the unadjusted trial balance and the net cash income from the cash-basis income statement.
Their usefulness was limited by their inability to produce tailored financial statements and the requirement that, to use the posting capabilities, the CPA had to return to the office with unadjusted trial balance and journal entries in hand, get in line for computer time, and then wait for the system to post and print the entries.
These packages give the accountants the ability to key in an unadjusted trial balance, make journal entries, and have a tailored financial statement and tax return run on site.
Once the unadjusted trial balance has been entered, the laptop can assist with initial analytical review, showing the CPA which accounts seem to be statistically out of sync.
The process begins with the least experienced staff member on the job entering the client's year-end unadjusted trial balance.
The pivot table eliminates the need for T-accounts; it can be used for unadjusted trial balances
, pre-closing trial balances, and postclosing trial balances.