Kay's lack of familiarity with the history of the UNSCOM
biological investigation also causes him to underestimate its effectiveness.
Richard Spertzel, a former UNSCOM
specialist in biological warfare, recalled the case of an Iraqi official coyly asking a new member of his team: "How far is it from Salt Lake City to Minneapolis?
Since the establishments were closed, Iraq asserted that the inspections must be held another day or that an Iraqi official would accompany the inspectors in accordance with an agreement between UNSCOM
and Iraq regarding Friday inspections.
This, by itself, should be sufficiently good reason for the UN to force the Iraqi dictator, for the sake of peace, to let UNSCOM
inspectors back in.
inspections revealed evidence of the production of large amounts of biological agents, including anthrax, and have charged that Iraq had "vastly understated" the amount of biological warfare agents they had manufactured.
From his UNSCOM
experience, Butler demonstrates the ways in which sovereign states function, whether they are permanent members of the UN Security Council, charged with the maintenance of world order, or, like Iraq, defeated in war but with a regime practiced in survival.
He said in the letter that he respected Ekeus ``as a diplomat and a person'' but "we all decided some months ago to have a new beginning and we don't want associations with UNSCOM
, which discredited itself", a reference to US spies planted among the inspectors of the previous monitoring commission.
belief that three biological agents were filled into weapons is supported by Iraqi statements concerning the filling of munitions and their deployment ready for delivery.
Ambassador Martin Indyk discussed the change in policy concerning Iraq, sparked by Saddam Hussein's outright defiance of UNSCOM
In November 1993, Baghdad allowed UNSCOM
to install permanent U.
Charles Duelfer, the deputy chairman of the UN Special Commission - or UNSCOM
- said that the Security Council's resolutions on disarming Iraq "have not changed".
Wednesday, with air strikes against Iraq under way, senior administration officials said they believed and feared that the UNSCOM
inspection program was dead, as the president had predicted.