As was found in studies from other states (Correa-Torres & Howell, 2004; Leigh & Barclay, 2000), this finding illustrates that teachers of students with visual impairments often transcribe instructional materials that their students need.
It appears that personnel in Texas continue to transcribe a wide variety of materials, ranging from teacher-produced worksheets, classroom tests, state-adopted ancillaries, and nonstate-adopted textbooks to novels that are assigned by general education teachers.
According to the data provided by the respondents, there seems to be no universal standard or consistent format that is used in training school personnel to transcribe instructional materials into braille in Texas.
Certified transcribers, noncertified transcribers, volunteers, paraprofessionals, and teachers of students with visual impairments are regularly used to transcribe materials into braille (Allman & Lewis, 1996; Corn & Wall, 2002; Texas Education Agency, 2000; Wall & Corn, 2002).
When aides and paraprofessionals are initially assigned to transcribe materials, teachers of students with visual impairments (who may or may not be certified by NLS) are often assigned the task of training these paraprofessionals (Allman & Lewis, 1996; Curry & Hatlen, 1989).
Although textbooks are usually transcribed at the state level, local personnel usually transcribe other instructional materials into braille.
What is the training and certification level of persons who transcribe instructional materials into braille in Texas public schools?
In addition, the majority of respondents thought that their initial training had not adequately prepared them to confidently transcribe materials into braille.
Although there is no universally accepted definition of quality in relation to braille transcribing, most individuals who transcribe braille would agree that accuracy, the correct application of rules, and formatting are essential characteristics of quality braille.
Those customers who require advanced recorder capabilities can continue to rely on Dragon's ability to transcribe audio files from the industry's leading digital voice recorders.
Many of the customers who use Dragon speech recognition to transcribe audio files can be frustrated and confused by the diverse practices used to transfer audio files to a PC or Mac.