Toxin


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Toxin

Any poisonous substance a living thing produces as part of its metabolic or other natural process. That is, toxins themselves are not living things, but are produced by living things. Toxins are defined by the Biological Weapons Convention.
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One issue that limits widespread testing of foods for toxins that cause food poisoning is the cost of equipment.
Table 13: World 15-Year Perspective for Botulinum Toxin by
We directly target the alpha-haemolysin toxin," senior author Liangfang Zhang, a nanoengineering professor at the University of California, San Diego, said.
8 min) obtained from the abalone digestive gland extract matched exactly those recorded for authentic toxin standards.
Laboratory testing for detection of toxigenic C diff to confirm a CDI diagnosis in patients remains a challenge due to the performance of commonly used toxin A/B ElAs or a turnaround times for more sensitive methods like toxigenic culture.
An injection of horse antiserum can help remove the toxin from a patient's bloodstream, but this treatment may produce serious side effects.
Botox is actually a trade name for one of several toxins that target nerve cells and are made by the rod-shaped bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
Identification of toxin A-negative, toxin B-positive Clostridium difficile by PCR.
Bacteria produce toxins under stressful conditions, such as when they are too crowded, denied food or are fighting against antibiotics.
Syngenta's patent provided evidence that VIP3A toxin produced apoptotic type of cell death, including the production of membrane-bound apoptotic bodies and activation of endonuclease enzymes that cleave chromatin into discrete fragments.
The marine toxin research program at IMB started when the laboratory found domoic acid to be responsible for "Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning" (ASP) of some consumers of Prince Edward Island mussels in 1987.
Botulinum toxin has several important properties that make it an ideal chemical denervator.