Toxin


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Toxin

Any poisonous substance a living thing produces as part of its metabolic or other natural process. That is, toxins themselves are not living things, but are produced by living things. Toxins are defined by the Biological Weapons Convention.
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The toxin, dubbed BoNT/En, is the ninth botulinum toxin to be described.
Reflex testing with a toxin assay as the second portion of the algorithm reduced the number of patients with discordant results to a more manageable number.
One of the most common causes of food poisoning is the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, which produces a wide range of toxins.
The opposite results in their paper showed that more detailed studies are obviously needed to confirm the interaction mechanism between Bt toxin and metal ions.
The toxin in the sample inhibited the synthesis of GFP, reducing GFP production in relation to the amount of toxin present.
This is a very sophisticated and smart way for bacterial toxins to function.
This method solves the delivery issue that probably led to the failure of recent clinical trials aimed at delivering purified cancer-killing toxins into patients' brains.
These toxin-studded nanosponges served as vaccines capable of triggering neutralizing antibodies and fighting off otherwise lethal doses of the toxin in mice.
On receipt, samples were shucked immediately and dissected into foot muscle and digestive gland for toxin analysis.
The effects can last from days to months, depending on the toxin used.
However, patient diagnosis was made solely through fecal toxin testing, and strains were not characterized.
Further proof of the involvement of these cells was gained from studies where toxin was injected into the animals' skin.