outsourcing

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Outsourcing

Purchasing a significant percentage of intermediate components from outside suppliers.

Outsourcing

The practice of a company hiring a different company to supplement its services at a lower cost. For example, a company may outsource its accounting to another firm, which would then prepare and provide appropriate statements for the company. Likewise, an automobile manufacturer may buy auto parts from another company and use them to make its own cars. Companies outsource in order to reduce their costs and thereby reduce the prices they charge for their goods and services. The practice is somewhat controversial, especially as some companies in the developed world outsource to firms in other, often developing nations. Critics contend that this drives jobs out of the home country, while proponents argue that this benefits consumers.

outsourcing

the buying-in of components, finished products and services from outside the firm rather than self supply from within a firm. In some cases this is done because it is more cost-effective to use outside suppliers or because outside suppliers are more technically competent or can supply a greater range of items. For example, in 2000 the Bank of Scotland signed a 10 year outsourcing agreement with IBM which involves IBM taking over the Bank of Scotland's computer systems and operating them. The deal will enable the Bank of Scotland to ‘save’ up to £150 million on its information technology (IT) costs as well as being able to draw on IBM's expertise to create a more technically advanced IT infrastructure than it could have achieved on its own. On the debit side, however, reliance on outside suppliers may make the firm vulnerable to disruptions in supplies, particularly missed delivery dates, problems with the quality of bought-in components, and ‘unreasonable’ terms and conditions imposed by powerful suppliers. See SOURCING, INTERNALIZATION, MAKE OR BUY, VERTICAL INTEGRATION, VIRTUAL CORPORATION.

outsourcing

the buying-in of components, finished products and services from outside the firm rather than self-supply from within the firm. In some cases this is done because it is more cost-effective to use outside suppliers or because outside suppliers are more technically competent or can supply a greater range of items. For example, in 2000 the Bank of Scotland signed a 10-year outsourcing agreement with IBM that involved IBM taking over the Bank of Scotland's computer systems and operating them. The deal enabled the Bank of Scotland to ‘save’ up to £150 million on its information technology (IT) costs as well as being able to draw on IBM's expertise to create a more technically advanced IT infrastructure than it could have achieved on its own.

On the debit side, however, reliance on outside suppliers may make the firm vulnerable to disruptions in supplies, particularly missed delivery dates, problems with the quality of bought-in components, and ‘unreasonable’ terms and conditions imposed by powerful suppliers. The decision to produce internally or outsource will depend upon the combined production costs and TRANSACTION COSTS of the alternative supply source. See TRANSACTION, INTERNALIZATION, MAKE OR BUY, VERTICAL INTEGRATION.

References in periodicals archive ?
ACS, a Fortune 500 company with more than 40,000 people supporting operations in nearly 100 countries, provides business process and information technology outsourcing solutions to world-class commercial and government clients.
An industry leader in providing both state-of-the-art Information Technology Outsourcing (ITO) and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO), Antares Management Solutions allows companies to cut costs while concentrating on their core business.
The company selected Oracle E-Business Suite Outsourcing for the management of its Financial, HR, Order Management and Procurement applications and Oracle Technology Outsourcing for the management of nine custom and third-party applications, including its reservation, loyalty management and sales force automation systems.
As the largest general insurer in New Zealand and a leading provider of commercial insurances, IAG New Zealand Limited selected Oracle Technology Outsourcing because it saw benefit in Oracle's "always connected" support and service.
Based in Dallas, Texas, ACS delivers diversified business process and information technology outsourcing solutions to clients in a variety of industries including healthcare, federal, state and local governments, retail, manufacturing, financial, transportation and energy.
Information technology outsourcing by hospitals experienced a 10.
ACS provides a full range of business services including technology outsourcing, business process outsourcing, electronic commerce, professional services and systems integration.
com/reports/c42062) has announced the addition of Manufacturing Technology Outsourcing (Review Report) to their offering.
In June and July 2006, Aberdeen Group examined the issues, experiences and intentions of more than 130 enterprises around the world in information technology outsourcing from a variety of industries including technology, automotive, pharmaceuticals, apparel and telecommunications, among others.

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