Pius XII (1938-58), in Summi pontificatus
(1939), strongly reaffirmed his predecessor's teaching on the dignity of conscience, saying that the State must recognize the rights of conscience as "sacred and inviolable.
In his first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
(October, 1939), in his Christmas addresses, in his radio appeals, in his allocution to the College of Cardinals on June 2, 1943, Pius XII condemned race-based murder, and thus came to the clear, public defence of European Jews--a fact recognized at the time, even if it is generally ignored or denied today.
also fails to mention that Pius XII used the most appropriate arguments of his predecessor's letter against racism in his first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
In his memoirs, Huit Ans au Vatican ("Eight Years at the Vatican," 1947), Francois Charles-Roux, the French Republic's Ambassador to the Vatican, described Pius XII's first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
, issued on October 20, 1939, as a condemnation of "exacerbated nationalism, the idolatry of the state, totalitarianism, racism, the cult of brutal force, contempt for international agreements .
Pius XII's October, 1939, encyclical, Summi pontificatus
, renewed Bell's optimism.
It was never published, but it is said the pope borrowed from it for his own first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
, although he steered clear of LaFarge's stronger sections on anti-Semitism.
Nos igitur super hoc prout ex debito summi pontificatus
officii tenemur oportune providere volentes, motu proprio non ad alicuius nobis super hoc oblate peticionis instanciam, tam predictum, quam omnia alia et singula dicte civitatis statuta et ordinationes in detrimentum Archiepiscopi et curie necnon contra libertatem huiusmodi quomodolibet hactenus facta et ordinata et de cetero, quod absit, forsan fienda et emananda, quorum omnium tenores presentibus haberi volumus pro express's, auctoritate apostolica ex certa scientia harum serie cassamus, revocamus et annulamus, nulliusque volumus existere roboris vel momenti et
Pius XIII, elected in March, did not take up the draft document, although some of its argument is to be found in his encyclical letter Summi pontificatus
(1939), and both LaFarge and Gundlach used material from the draft in subsequent writings.
Keyserlingk, Canadian manager of British United Press in Montreal, had visited the Vatican in 1946 and was impressed by Pius XII's encyclical Summi Pontificatus
, calling upon the faithful to unfurl the ensign of Christ.
In a 1939 encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
(On the Unity of the Human Race), Pope Pius XII denounced as a pernicious error "the forgetfulness of that law of human solidarity and charity which is dictated and imposed by our common origin and by the equality of rational nature in all men, to whatever people they belong.
One may recall Pius XI's encyclical Mit Brennender Sorge (1937) and Pius Xll's Summi Pontificatus
(1939); the latter cited the law of human solidarity and of charity towards every individual, regardless of the people to which he belongs.