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The collective action in which employees do not come to work as a form of protest. That is, in a strike, workers deprive employers of their services. Often, though not always, strikers also stand outside their workplace to stage protests. A strike occurs when employees wish to force the employer to pay them better wages or benefits or to improve working conditions. Strikes are usually orchestrated by a union.


a stoppage of work by a group of workers as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on the employer. In the UK most strikes arise out of disputes over pay and conditions of employment. In the UK strike activity is normally measured in three ways: the number of stoppages, the number of workers involved, and the number of working days lost per 1000 employees. Of these the best indicator of ‘strike proneness’ (i.e. how likely workers are to take industrial action) is the number of working days lost per 1000 employees, because it captures more of the intensity and extent of stoppages than the other indices.

Strikes are generally both a protest and an attempt to secure concessions from employers. Their effectiveness is premised on the costs of a loss of output and the damage of relationships with suppliers, customers and employees that a stoppage of work can result in. However, strikes are costly to employees too since they usually suffer a loss of earnings for the duration of the stoppage. Employees therefore often take alternative forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION, such as overtime bans, which are considerably cheaper. The conduct of strikes by unions is regulated by LABOUR LAW in the UK. A postal ballot of employees must be held, and employers must be given advance notice of the strike, for the strike to be lawful (and hence TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES to be retained). SECONDARY ACTION is unlawful.


a stoppage of work by a group of employees as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE, with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on their employer. Strikes may be ‘official’ or ‘unofficial’, the former being backed by the employees’ TRADE UNION. Strikes often are a last resort tactic when negotiated attempts (see INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS) to agree pay levels and working conditions and where other forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION (for example, overtime bans, ‘go-slows’, ‘work-to-rules’) fail to achieve the desired results. See EMPLOYMENT


References in periodicals archive ?
Quartz Hill's best threat came in the top of the first, when it had runners at second and third with two outs on two walks, an error and a wild pitch when Hooper struck out junior pitcher Kristin Ware.
He struck out eight and allowed four hits and no walks in seven innings of shutout ball.
Lost in all the Martinez no-hit excitement was the effort of Penny, who surrendered 10 hits but didn't walk a batter and struck out nine for his third career complete game.
Torii Hunter's RBI double in the top of the ninth inning against Esteban Yan provided some insurance for Twins closer Joe Nathan, who struck out two in the bottom half of the inning to save the victory for starter Carlos Silva (7-3).
Jayson Werth struck out, Antonio Perez was hit by a pitch to score a run and then Jason Phillips struck out and Weaver grounded out to squander an excellent opportunity and leave the score 4-1.
McPherson was doubled off first, Jeff DaVanon struck out looking, and the threat was done.
Wednesday, Colon struck out a season-high six, walked two and did not allow an Indians baserunner to reach third base.