industrial dispute

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Related to Strike action: work stoppage, strikebreaking

industrial dispute

a dispute between an employer (or group of employers) and one or more workers usually arising over pay and conditions of employment, allocation of work, work discipline etc. The current official definition in the UK states that it is a dispute between workers and their employer (i.e. not another employer) and that it relates mainly or wholly to their conditions of employment (see CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT). The definition excludes disputes between workers (thereby excluding inter-TRADE UNION conflicts). Disputes that fall outside the official definition (for example INDUSTRIAL ACTION taken by workers or trade unions in furtherance of political objectives) are not covered by TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES and hence those involved are liable to legal action by employers in the civil courts.

A large number of UK employers are party (either directly or indirectly through EMPLOYERS' ASSOCIATIONS) to a DISPUTES PROCEDURE or GRIEVANCE PROCEDURE which governs how disputes of this kind should be dealt with and resolved. Where such procedures are absent or where it is not possible to resolve the dispute in this way some form of INDUSTRIAL ACTION such as a STRIKE may occur. Industrial disputes may be settled in a number of ways, including voluntary agreement between the parties concerned or through some form of third party intervention. See ARBITRATION, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING, CONCILIATION, CONFLICT, MEDIATION.

industrial dispute

a dispute between one or more employers, or organizations of employers, and one or more workers or organizations of workers (TRADE UNIONS), where the dispute relates wholly or mainly to matters of trade. Such matters may comprise terms and/or conditions of employment; the engagement, termination or suspension of employment of workers; the allocation of work between workers; matters of discipline, and so forth.

Serious industrial disputes are often characterized by STRIKE action on the part of workers and/or the LOCK-OUT of workers by management. Industrial disputes may be settled in a number of ways, including voluntary agreement between the parties concerned or by recourse to an independent arbiter. See INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, COLLECTIVE BARGAINING, ARBITRATION, MEDIATION, CONCILIATION.

References in periodicals archive ?
Henley College principal Ray Goy said: "It is regrettable that strike action has been called by UCU.
Stuart Fegan, GMB national officer for the food manufacturing industry, said: "GMB has agreed to suspend the strike action.
The outcome was an overwhelming rejection of the employer's pay freeze and clear support for strike action.
Earlier last week, Unison said 85,000 workers had voted in its ballot with 58% in favour of strike action.
So not only is any strike action a last resort, but strikes can be avoided: it's in Mr Gove's hands.
RMT should accept the letter sent by Mr Brown and half strike action that will do nothing but further sour the relationship between the two parties.
Cabin crew, that are members of Unite, are currently voting on fresh strike action at the airline in a ballot that ends of Jan 21.
Northern Rail said out of the 976 balloted employees -only 361 voted for strike action -meaning more than 60% were against the move.
The RMT union's Bob Crow said: "This justifies the decision to ballot members for strike action to defend rail safety and their jobs.
Summary: British Airways are expected to announce the dates and duration of strike action.
TORONTO, March 12 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Inmet Mining Corporation (IMN-TSX) confirmed today that the Ok Tedi mine has been subjected to an illegal strike action by members of the Ok Tedi Mining and Allied Workers Union.
Article 28 of the Charter enshrines the right of workers to negotiate and conclude collective agreements and to take collective action to defend their interests, including strike action.