8 million in 2007, some of which was re-exported through recently-expanded storage facilities at Zeebrugge port, designed to support the development of an LNG spot market.
This provides a price incentive for spot market deliveries to be exported to the Asia Pacific, in addition to the rising number of long-term SPAs being signed with countries in the region.
The study by Edward (1988), Harris (1989), Antoniou and Holms (1995), Kyriacou and Sarno (1999), Gulen and Mayhen (2000) and Vipul (2006) supported that the volatility of spot market has decreased after the introduction of futures trading.
2004) found that the volatility of spot market has been declined after introduction of futures markets.
It is important to examine the spot market volatility after the introduction of futures market in India.
Pennsylvania didn't set up a mandatory power spot market
The TMPCOT infrastructure will be an ideal base for the Asian crude oil spot market which we are proposing.
The existing Asian spot market for petroleum products in Singapore, which is nearby, will benefit from this considerably.
The volume of physical crude oils which will be moving through the TMPCOT infrastructure will be large enough to sustain a spot market in the first phase and a more comprehensive crude oil trading centre at the later stages.
But in all cases, both are needed: No matter how efficient electronic spot markets can be, there will likely be a role for long-term contracting.
In tying together the effects of information and liquidity on supply chain performance, Mendelson and Tunca have established a novel way of thinking about industrial spot markets.
The opening of the APX UK Spot Market
represents a significant step in our rollout of APX services in strategic regions across the globe," said John Yurkanin, APX president and CEO.