Manipulation

(redirected from Spinal manipulation)
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Manipulation

Dealing in a security to create a false appearance of active trading, in order to bring in more traders. Illegal.

Manipulation

The attempt or act to artificially change the price of a security or a market movement with the intent to make a profit. One example is wash selling, in which an investor both sells then quickly re-buys the same security, hoping to create the impression of increased trading volume, and therefore raise the price. Another is churning, in which an investor makes both buy and sell orders through different brokers to create the impression of increased interest in the security and raise the price. Manipulation can be used to both increase and decrease prices, depending on the investor's perceived needs. Manipulation is illegal under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. See also: Antitrust, Fix.
References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, of randomised trials listed in PEDro over the last 10 years, 79% of the trials on massage, 50% of the trials on heat and ultrasound, 60% of the trials on exercise, and two-thirds of those on spinal manipulation investigate the efficacy of these interventions in isolation.
Even allowing for an extraordinarily high level of under-reporting, spinal manipulation has been associated with about 600 serious adverse events," he said.
Risk factors and precipitating neck movements causing vertebrobasilar artery dissection after cervical trauma and spinal manipulation.
Studies into spinal manipulation (SM) have failed to demonstrate that it is an effective intervention for a series of complaints, according to research to be published in next month's Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.
The board finds that the maneuvers described by (Fryar) were spinal manipulations which can only be performed by licensed Chiropractors in the state of Arkansas," the chiropractor's order said.
Spinal manipulation has been used in medical practice at least since the time of Hippocrates, but chiropractic--from the Greek cheiros (hand) and praktos (done by)--is said to officially have begun on Sept 18, 1895, when Iowa lay magnetic healer Daniel David Palmer performed his first spinal "adjustment" on a deaf patient, reportedly restoring the man's hearing.
TREATING back pain with acupuncture is more effective than other remedies and is as effective as spinal manipulation, according to a new summary of 12 different medical trials.
Extrapolating from 1,500 telephone interviews, Eisenberg calculated that spinal manipulation, acupuncture, biofeedback, massage, and a dozen other non-textbook treatments accounted for 425 million visits to alternative health care providers nationwide in 1990, as against 388 million visits to primary care doctors.
To a vitalist, spinal manipulation can have many effects on the body, since all nerves run into the spine.
The government's Agency for Health Care Policy and Research released national guidelines in 1995 that recommend spinal manipulation as a safe and cost-effective treatment for acute back problems.