welfare state

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Welfare State

The concept in which a government is or views itself as responsible for providing some minimum economic security for citizens. For example, the government may guarantee housing, work and a minimum income for all citizens. Less comprehensively, a government may provide income during periods of unemployment or poverty. Most governments have a welfare state to some degree. Proponents view welfare states as a form of economic justice. Critics contend that they are detrimental to GDP growth and promote needless dependency.

welfare state

a country that provides comprehensive SOCIAL-SECURITY BENEFITS such as state health services, state retirement pensions, unemployment and sickness benefits, etc. See TRANSFER PAYMENTS, GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE.
References in periodicals archive ?
In parallel with the rise of the social welfare state (the fearful symmetry of Crowley's title), we can anticipate that with Canada's demographic decline and the erosion of Quebec sovereignty, the tide is going out on Canada as a social democracy.
The focus on building these kinds of responsibilities became stronger as the tasks of the social welfare state were questioned.
The contours of the liberal social welfare state were laid out during the formative years of the New Deal and augmented during the 1960s War on Poverty and the Great Society.
Denmark is a social welfare state where the quality of life and environment are key issues.
Habermas believes that the social welfare state based on an inclusive concept of citizenship shows that democracies can transform social life in the image of a moral vision, the ideal of an association of free and equal citizens.
The countries reflect substantial variation in size and character of immigration flows, as well as differing regimes of access to both the social welfare state and labor market and approaches to granting citizenship.
In the words of Rosa Eberly, "the generation of publicity has changed from bottom-up to top-down; whereas publicity used to be a function of the public debates among many, Habermas sees publicity in the social welfare state as controlled or manipulated from positions of power" (107).
Welfare reform, though, is only one example of a much more profound shift in our social welfare state.
The discourse of multiculturalism that emerged during the expansion of the social welfare state not only eased social antagonisms, but assisted in legitimating discursive practices useful in achieving further expansion.
As the tale is often told, these worthy arrangements created widespread public demand for activism by the federal government and helped to spawn the modern social welfare state with its more secure, if still inadequate, sources of funding and more exacting professional standards for dealing with the poor.
There is a very deep history of a mixed economy and a social welfare state in Canada.
That theme, touted by some in Europe's new left as the Third Way between pure capitalism and a strong social welfare state, helped the younger Mr Schroeder unseat longtime leader Mr Helmut Kohl in September.

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