Social Contract Theorist

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Social Contract Theorist

A person who believes that morality is a manifestation of the mutual consent of all persons involved in a society. For example, murder is wrong according to social contract theory because society has generally agreed that it would not be conducive to prosperous relations, and not because it is wrong in and of itself. Social contract theory is used in government as one of the foundations of the modern state. "Government by consent of the governed," one of the most fundamental ideas of democracy, has its origins in social contract theory.
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Locke scholars, contemporary social contract theorists, and anyone with an interest in the history of feminism and protofeminism will benefit from adding this volume to their library.
00--Contract, Culture, and Citizenship revisits the well-worn texts of the social contract theorists Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Rawls with an interpretation that stresses the embeddedness of citizen contractors in an ongoing political culture.
In chapter 5, "The Social Contract," Shapiro focuses predominantly on the hypothetical thought experiments of contemporary social contract theorists, most notably John Rawls, in their attempts to establish a fair-minded political regime that people of different moral reasoning would agree to.