Social Contract Theorist

Social Contract Theorist

A person who believes that morality is a manifestation of the mutual consent of all persons involved in a society. For example, murder is wrong according to social contract theory because society has generally agreed that it would not be conducive to prosperous relations, and not because it is wrong in and of itself. Social contract theory is used in government as one of the foundations of the modern state. "Government by consent of the governed," one of the most fundamental ideas of democracy, has its origins in social contract theory.
References in periodicals archive ?
To a Lockean social contract theorist (like me), the ideal is to support only those forced transfers of legal rights that lead to net gains in social utility by creating positive-sum games, while spurning proposed transfers that create negative or zero-sum results.
Locke scholars, contemporary social contract theorists, and anyone with an interest in the history of feminism and protofeminism will benefit from adding this volume to their library.
00--Contract, Culture, and Citizenship revisits the well-worn texts of the social contract theorists Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Rawls with an interpretation that stresses the embeddedness of citizen contractors in an ongoing political culture.