Shunto

Shunto

In Japan, annual negotiations between trade unions and corporations on wage increases. Traditionally, shunto began in March each year. Over time, wage increases during shunto became almost automatic. Shunto has become less common since the 1990s with the weakening of unions in the wake of the Asian financial crisis.
References in periodicals archive ?
9) Press release of the results from the data collected on Shunto 2017, the 4th update (published 13 April 2017), see https://www.
You cannot increase wages without taking into account the situation of the companies, and in this regard I think that shunto (spring labor offensive) in the 1970s was a very useful tool.
Labor unions would agree to accept an annual Shunto, or Spring Offensive, to set wages for all.
2 percent increase in monthly pay during the spring 2015 Shunto (annual spring wage negotiations).
the single-digit wage increase policy) by emulating the Japanese model of informal wage coordination, the shunto (or the spring offensive), and preventing firms from increasing corporate welfare benefits to compensate workers for wage restraints (e.
One is to gather the cleared plant material in piles, called shuntos, mentioned by Hiraoka (1986), who points out that the shunto accomplishes at least three objectives: soil erosion control, cropping area expansion and nutrient concentration.
In Japan, the Shunto (spring wage offensive) has traditionally played an important role in this regard.
In 1955 they began shunto, the annual spring wage struggle, in which all unions and all workers joined together to demonstrate and to demand wage increases.
On the other hand, the Shunto did serve to gradually revitalize union activities at the shop-floor level, partly because it succeeded in bringing higher wage increases to workers.
The main theme of the book is that the rapid growth of the Japanese economy through 1990 was the result of national economic policies, like the encouragement of high savings and investment rates, which raised the ratio of capital to labor and increased per worker output, the general approach to wage setting, like the annual Shunto wage offensive and steep seniority wage structures, and distinctive human resource systems, including long-term employment, high investments in training, long-term skills accumulation, and employee involvement.
The new unionists were generally strongly left wing and this was a turbulent era with wide-ranging and often bitter disputes, although Fujita (1974) suggests that the exact nature of these disputes seems to have changed with the introduction of the shunto spring offensive in 1955.
Shunto affects the large companies and are the benchmark for smaller firms - not unlike wage negotiations in the steel or auto industries in the United States.